To design a road, it involves the terrain and other features to be considered. Some of the important features are width of the road, friction, camber, Sight distance, Horizontal Alignments and Vertical alignments
Fundamental Traffic Flow Characteristics - Speed, Flow and Density
The three fundamental traffic flow characteristics are speed (v), flow (q) and density (k). The characteristics are generally defined by traffic flow measurements, and time/space mean speed measurements
There are different methods of irrigation - surface and subsurface irrigation, drip irrigation, sprinkler irrigation. Surface irrigation is further classified into strip irrigation, border irrigation, check irrigation, furrow irrigation
The gradual increase of water content in soil, makes the soil change its form from solid to semi solid to plastic to liquid. The water contents at which the phase change of soil occurs, are called the consistency limits.
Break point chlorination and Types of Chlorination
Breakpoint chlorination is the point where the demand for chlorine has been fully satisfied in terms of chlorine addition to the water. In other words, the chlorine has completely reacted with the bather pollutants leaving a zero chlorine residual.
The force method (also called the flexibility method or method of consistent deformation ) is used to calculate reactions and internal forces in statically indeterminate structures due to loads and imposed deformations.